Barbara Hepworth Wiki – Barbara Hepworth Biography
Barbara Hepworth was a UK artist and sculptor from Wakefield, who popularized direct engraving on pieces based on a model or design as a form of expression – also the subject of Google Doodle on Tuesday, August 25.
According to the Hepworth Wakefield museum website, Hepworth once said, “For me, carving is more interesting than modeling because there is an infinite variety of materials that I can draw inspiration from.”
Born & Study
Hepworth was born in Wakefield in 1903, studied at the Royal College of Art and in Italy, and died in a fire in 1975, according to his property. He had exhibitions and retrospectives all over the world, and as a sculptor, he was a key figure who worked abstractly rather than molding the material to resemble a predetermined shape and found the final form of his work in the material itself.
The title, and beautiful ovoid shape, of this art work, ‘Spring’, 1966, suggests Barbara Hepworth’s long-standing concerns with the cycles of nature & the promise of rebirth…
Image: ‘Spring’, Dame Barbara Hepworth, 1966 pic.twitter.com/eL37qDZnWK
— Tate St Ives (@Tate_StIves) August 23, 2020
Hepworth was born as the son of Herbert and Gertrude Hepworth in 1903, according to his estate. His father was a civil engineer for the West Riding County Council, then he was a county expert and Hepworth traveled with him on his way to work in West Riding. These trips informed his work with his admiration for the materials that shape the forms. then in 1961.
“My earliest memories consist of forms, shapes, and textures,” Hepworth said, according to Hepworth Wakefield. “When my father was traveling the West in his car, the hills were like statues; paths defined forms. ”
According to the museum, he started working at the Leeds School of Art in 1920, where he met sculptor Henry Moore, who joined him at the Royal College of Art and studied trips to Paris, according to the museum.
While studying in Rome in 1925, Hepworth met sculptor John Skeaping, who largely carved horse and other animal forms, according to the Tate Gallery. The couple married at the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence and lived in Rome until 1926, when Skeaping fell ill, according to Hepworth’s mansion.
According to Art Story, after returning to London, Hepworth began exhibiting his art in a studio and some galleries, and the couple had a son named Paul Skeaping in 1929.
However, in 1931, Hepworth and Skeaping’s marriage broke up after meeting and having an affair with Ben Nicholson, an abstract painter. According to Art Story, Nicholson was also married at the time. Hepworth and Skeaping’s divorce ended in 1933.
According to Widewalls magazine, although each worked in different environments, they were attracted to abstract forms and influenced each other’s work. They would often travel to Paris and meet many modernist contemporaries, including Picasso, in 1933, according to his property.
Hepworth Is Credited with Introducing
Hepworth drilled his first hole in a statue in 1931; It was a small carving he made, according to the New York Times, and it was enlightening for him. The whole would have an extreme effect on modern sculpture and would be a defining feature of his work.
“When I first pierced a shape, I thought it was a miracle,” Hepworth said late in his life. “A new vision is opened.”
According to Christies magazine, the hole used negative space to explore balance in the form of a sculpture and guide the eyes of the audience.
His holes also had deeper metaphysical meanings, art, writers and critics to note later.
“Look at the Hepworth hole and you are looking at what normally hides – everything that matters,” writer Jeanette Winterson wrote for the Tate Gallery. “The Hepworth hole is not just a connection between different kinds of forms, or a way to give space its own form – it is a relationship to the unseen.”