Cecile Rol-Tanguy Wiki – Cecile Rol-Tanguy Bio
French Resistance member Cecile Rol-Tanguy, who risked her life during World War II by working to liberate Paris from Nazi occupation, died. She was 101 years old.
Cecile Rol-Tanguy was a French Communist who was a Resistance fighter during World War II. He participated in the liberation of Paris by serving as a secretariat and liaison officer, conducting clandestine operations, and transmitting confidential communications.
Cécile Rol-Tanguy was born Cécile Le Bihan on April 10, 1919 in Royan, Saintonge. His father, François Le Bihan, was an electrician and an important member of the Confédération Générale du Travail Unitaire (CGTU). She grew up in a highly politicized family, as her father co-founded the Parti Communiste Français (PCF) and had hosted several foreign Communist agitators who were exiled from their countries. In 1936, he became part of the Committee d’Aide à l’Espagne Républicaine, where he met Henri Tanguy, who was 11 years older than him and was a communist. During the early stages of their relationship, he volunteered for the International Brigades fighting in the Spanish Civil War. Shortly after meeting, Henri was deployed to the French Section of the International Brigade in the Spanish Civil War. Rol-Tanguy had four surviving children: Hélène and Jean, who were born during the war, and Claire and Francis, who were born after the war. She and her husband later left Paris to settle alongside the Loire.
Cecile Rol-Tanguy Age
Cécile Rol-Tanguy was born Cécile Le Bihan on 10 April 1919 in Royan, Saintonge. She was 101 years old.
Cecile Rol-Tanguy Husband
With her husband Henri Rol-Tanguy, who became a leading fighter in the French Resistance, she began to live a dangerous and clandestine existence as a liaison officer for the French Forces of the Interior (FFI). The couple had to hide their relationship to keep their activities secret and use false identities. Later she recalled how she used her children’s strollers to transport messages, weapons and explosive material. In August 1944, when her husband was the leader of the FFI fighters in the Paris region, she worked alongside him to establish a command post in an underground shelter in central Paris.
Cecile Rol-Tanguy Career
Before turning 18, Rol-Tanguy was a shorthand typist at the Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT) and joined the Union des Jeunes Filles de France, a subgroup of the Fédération des Jeunes Communistes de France. It is within this framework that he became part of the Committee d’Aide à l’Espagne Républicaine, where he met Henri Tanguy. In 1938, he joined the Parti Communiste and became engaged to Henri on his return from Spain. They would marry in 1939 after learning that she was pregnant. Their first child, Françoise, was born in November of that year, but she became ill soon after and died of dehydration on June 12, 1940, 2 days before the Germans entered Paris. During an interview in 2014, she recalled the painful episode: “I can still remember the terrible layer of smoke burning over Paris and wondering if that was what made my baby sick. I left her in the hospital overnight, and when I returned the next day, there was another baby in her bed. “Her father was arrested for his activism and communist affiliation at the same time, as his actions were seen as” demoralizing of the army. ” and considered illegal. On the first day of the Paris occupation, the CGT, which was already banned by the Vichy government, asked Rol-Tanguy to resume work. Feeling that he had nothing to lose after his father’s imprisonment and the death of his daughter, he accepted and began writing political pamphlets to them. After her father’s release from prison, she moved in with her parents, lived in a small studio, and often struggled to eat enough. She worked alongside her husband, who had joined the French Forces de l’Intérieure (FFI). Rol-Tanguy was an important member of the FFI, and worked as a liaison officer and secretary for them. Rol-Tanguy and her husband were forced to hide their identities and their relationship during this period due to the secrecy required of them as members of the Résistance. She used code names like Jeanne, Yvette, or Lucie when she was on missions as a liaison officer, and she sometimes dressed up in costume by changing her hairstyle. After the birth of her second child, Henri asked her to consider working elsewhere and leaving her daughter with her mother, to avoid the possibility of both of them being caught. She refused and continued her work, sometimes using her children’s strollers to hide weapons, grenades, clandestine newspapers. In 1942, his father was arrested a second time and deported to Auschwitz, where he died soon after.
Cecile Rol-Tanguy Death & Cause
Rol-Tanguy died on Friday at her home in Monteaux, in central France, as Europe commemorated the 75th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany to Allied forces. The cause of her death was not disclosed by French officials.